Sunday, August 23, 2020
Paige Hammerl Vedic Religion, Mythology and Society The early human advancements of India have demonstrated to be an exceptionally educated, god dreading, and propelled coordinated effort of individuals. From around 2700 B. C. E to around 500 B. C. E two social orders prospered in the northern locale of India known as the Indus Valley. The Indus Valley Civilization and later, the Aryans Ã¢â¬ accepted by some to have moved to India from Europe and the center East Ã¢â¬ cleared the establishment of Hinduism through the impacts of their societies, early religions and social structures.Unfortunately, there is little to be said of the most punctual occupants, the individuals of the Indus Valley Civilization in light of the fact that there still doesn't exist a decipherment of the Indus Valley Script. In light of free understandings of curios found in antiquated Indus Valley urban areas, we have had the option to portray that the individuals of the Indus Valley were initially a migrant cl an, however later had a high level of consistency among city advancement, a language composed on an assortment of little 1 inch seals, and may have revered Goddesses or a pre-Siva God, frequently observed on these seals with three faces, bullhead, sitting in a yogic position.According to A. L BashmanÃ¢â¬â¢s book The Origins and Development of Classical Hinduism, after some time the Indus Valley Civilazation started to wane since they were driven from their properties by cataclysmic events, for example, the unexpected ascent in the degree of the ocean bed south of the delta of the Indus River (Bashman, 1989, pg. 2). In spite of the fact that we have had the option to remove minute signs from the Indus Valley Civilization, the greater part of Hinduism's pre-history comes from a strict Aryan antiquated content called The Veda, comprising of four customs, the Rg-, Yajur-, Sama-, and Atharva-.It is imperative to make reference to that the VedaÃ¢â¬â¢s are thought of as unceasing, or n ot composed by individuals, and the Aryan individuals went down information on the VedaÃ¢â¬â¢s from age to age through verbal. Individuals considered the To be as amazingly consecrated writings or sacred texts and they were verbally handed-off for about 3000 years with little to practically no change to them. By some the interpretation of the VedaÃ¢â¬â¢s into composed word was seen as against the religion in light of the fact that generally not every person was really permitted or ready to become familiar with the VedaÃ¢â¬â¢s in early occasions, and furthermore maybe physical composed words corrupted the holiness of the scripture.The holy class of the Vedic Aryans, known as the Brahmans, were seen as the preservers of vedic convention. They were permitted to go to the different religious schools which would have practical experience in the remembrance of explicit messages inside the VedaÃ¢â¬â¢s. The VedaÃ¢â¬â¢s were made sequentially with the Rg-Veda as the primary content Ã¢â¬Å"writtenÃ¢â¬ . The Rg-Veda comprises of 10 books of 1028 psalms commending different gods, speculated to be made in early Sanskrit as right on time as 1200 BCE over a time of a couple hundred years. The Sama-Veda is a book of tunes, all dependent on the songs of the Rg-Veda.The Yajur-Veda comprises of 4 books: one book is the white Yajur-Veda, and the other three are the dark Yajur Veda. Inside these books lies fundamental data in regards to techniques for ceremonies and penances. In conclusion, the Atharva-Veda is an assortment of psalms and Ã¢â¬Å"magicalÃ¢â¬ material (spells, charms, curses, and chants), and this Veda is basically covering enchantment and religion. Every one of the four VedaÃ¢â¬â¢s have countless divine beings, or devas, being recognized and commended. Nonetheless, inside the VedaÃ¢â¬â¢s, stories or legends of the divine beings are hardly present; that data was thought to be regular knowledge.All the pantheon of Vedic religion are isolated into tw o classes: the divine beings (devas) which follow rta, the infinite request, the set course of nature, and the evil spirits (asura), follow anrta, or hostile to rta, trying to topple the characteristic course of things. The divine beings maintain rta, which is basically good and physical widespread law. Numerous different divine beings or devas are gods related with nature, the sky and space. The principle Devas incorporate Indra, Varuna, Mitra, Nastya, and the minor devas incorporate Yama, Vishnu, and Rudra. The nature divinities incorporate Surya (sun), Agni (fire), Soma (custom plant), Pajanya (downpour), Ushas (day break), Earth, Moon and Night.The divine beings are seen as amazing and willing creatures whose delight or disappointment decides the course of occasions in people everyday lives. In the event that they are satisfied they can favor the individuals with downpour for their harvests, ripeness in lady, great wellbeing, and so on and in the event that they are disappointed they initially rebuff transgressors with ailment, and after they are ousted to Ã¢â¬Å"The House of ClayÃ¢â¬ a bleak hellfire like spot, like where Hades of the Greeks lives. Of the considerable number of divine beings referenced in the vedas, most strikingly in the Rg-Veda, the god Indra, lord of war and climate, has an amazing 250 songs in his honor.Indra is accepted to be the maker of the universe, for when the evil presences, drove by the snake Vrtra, came to assault the divine beings, Indra, strengthed by Soma drink, confronted only them and came out successful and from VrtraÃ¢â¬â¢s dead body he made our reality. Along these lines, Indra is primarily seen as a war chief (Bashman, 1989, pg. 12). The VedaÃ¢â¬â¢s principle work were its inclusion out in the open love, and it were a fundamental part in ceremonies. The vedic Aryans primary strict practice was guaranteed strict penance on a patterned premise to satisfy the divine beings and their ancestors.Both requested accla im and affirmation so anything from milk, explained margarine or ghee, curds, grain (rice/scarcely), soma plant, and even local creatures were totally utilized as contributions to the divine beings during conciliatory functions (Bashman, 1989, ). There were two kinds of conciliatory functions: household (life-cycle ceremonies, requiring one fire) and serious (open rituals, requiring three flames). The vedic Aryan individuals utilized ordinary conciliatory custom to keep up usefulness of their clan or urban areas. The divine beings were accepted to have power over things, for example, downpour, malady, sun, ripeness, and so on o the individuals would forfeit different products/creatures in their name so as to satisfy them or fortify them to support them. so as to keep up the usefulness of the clan. Every ceremonial was an incredibly fragile encounter. On the off chance that single word, or one system was strange the ceremonial was considered void, and could even some of the time caus e mischief to the clan for disappointing the divine beings. This is the place the utilization of BrahmanÃ¢â¬â¢s were fundamental, the ceremonies didn't require gigantic structures or expand symbols, yet just a certified Brahman who realized all the necessary systems gained from the Yajur-Veda.Often they had a few BrahmanÃ¢â¬â¢s present so as to guarantee the right succession of occasions happened. Ceremonies were revolved around fire. In customs the fire god Agni would, through a particular number of residential flames, get penances/acclaims from the individuals and pass them onto different divine beings. This gives Agni the notoriety of a somewhat significant god, with 200 psalms committed to him in the Rg-Veda. Fire was seen as a connection between the common and awesome domains (Flood, 2004, 41). Likewise, ceremonies comprised one other significant act preformed by the Brahmans Ã¢â¬ the eating of the Soma plant.According to Gavin Flood in An Introduction to Hinduism, Soma is accepted to be some variety of a psychedelic mushroom, and was accustomed to carry the clerics to a magical state where they could see the divine beings and discuss veda psalms to them. Soma was a plant utilized in customs, but at the same time was a divinity (god) and was applauded for making the connection among divine beings and people. To the consumer, Soma brought superhuman quality, a feeling of developing to a massive size, and gave dreams of the divine beings coming down to join the admirers (Bashman, 1989, 14).Soma was likewise given to the divine beings during ceremonies as a quality inducer so they would have the option to ward off the evil spirits causing a clan misery. As expressed in An Introduction to Hinduism, customs were preformed consistently by each Aryan at around nightfall or day break, and furthermore increasingly confounded ceremonies were preformed toward the start of the two lunar fortnights of the months (the times of full and new moons). One costly and s ignificant custom preformed during this period was the rajasuya penance. It was a regal penance utilized by rulers to guarantee them a spot in paradise during eternity and furthermore to demonstrate their value as a king.This confounded penance was put on by the lord and was revolved around an incredible steed (or pony) that would be trailed by gatherings of men for about a year as it meandered the fields going city to city requesting acclaim before returning to the principle city to be relinquished to the divine beings. The essentialness of the rajasuya conciliatory service was its connect to political force (Bashman, 1989, 33). These penances were utilized to keep up the usefulness of a clan/city and offer lords the chance to demonstrate their value to the individuals, so rulers would pay all the broad costs so as to advance these ceremonies.However, the main individuals that had the option to preform these particular services with immaculate accuracy was the cleric class (Brahman s). This gave them a lot of intensity, and one could contend that it made a force battle between the decision class and the holy class. By and by, all the conciliatory contribution services were a period for cheering, not just for the rulers who put them on, yet additionally for the whole populace since everybody was profiting. Later in vedic history, after all the VedaÃ¢â¬â¢s had been composed, individuals started to become fidgety with their religion.They began to look for additional answers and attempt to make associations between the importance of life, birth/resurrection, karma, the divine beings, and the motivation behind custom (Reat, 1977, 1). This is the period when the Upanishads were composed. The Upanishads were a Ã¢â¬Å"secret conversationï¿½
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Chutzph Dershowitz papers In Alan Dershowitz's epic Chutzpah, he dedicates a whole area to the issue of, and his own emotions about James Pollard. He starts this segment with a depiction of the manner by which this man was discovered selling arranged government archives to the country of Israel. Fundamentally this man was a Jewish American covert agent for the Israeli government in light of an obligation he felt coming from a mystery devotion he felt toward the country of Israel. Over an expanded timeframe this man sold thousand of mystery archives which in the eyes of Weinberger, the Secretary of Defense for the United States was a Ã'serious breech in national security.Ã£ Dershowitz underlines in extraordinary detail how so as to maintain a strategic distance from a preliminary in which the declassification of these records would be required, Pollard was forced to acknowledge a supplication deal in which he would concede, give full revelation relating to the data he gave over, and discharge all rights to any of his future distributed material that related to the case. In return for these things he would be conceded a proper solicitation by the US government to the adjudicator of the case which would require a limited sentence for him and his significant other. Pollard consented to this arrangement and was happy with it until he gotten a sentence of life in a most extreme security jail and his better half got 5 years in jail. The proof that Dershowitz presents recommends that Pollard got an out of line bargain, and an a lot harsher sentence than others previously have gotten for comparable wrongdoings. Dershowitz st... <!
Friday, August 21, 2020
Inquiries in Antitrust law. Case models - Essay Example Antitrust laws target evacuating parts of imposing business model inside business conditions and unreasonable strategic approaches (Hylton 45). As per Hylton (47), activities that are esteemed to be equipped for harming business tasks as well as purchasers are respected those that contradicts antitrust laws. Such activities are in this manner deserving of law since they conflict with arrangements of business tasks core values as characterized by antitrust laws, for example, Sherman Act 1890 and Clayton Act of 1914 among others. So as to improve reasonable business rivalry and practices, antitrust laws direct trade and its assistant administrations through counteraction of any unlawful limitations, restraining infrastructures, and value fixings with a point of advancing rivalry as well as empowering creation and arrangement of excellent merchandise and ventures (Hylton 51). Any antitrust law created inside a condition of a country should consistently concentrate on protecting open gov ernment assistance. Shielding open government assistance is feasible through setting sure that shopper expectations, particulars, needs, and desires are satisfactorily and convenient met through assembling, creation, and offer of products at sensible costs. This is valid on account of NCAA v. Leading body of Regents, 468 U.S. 85 (1984). Regardless, in spite of the way that antitrust laws target decreasing degrees of imposing business model in an offer to improving rivalry, restraining infrastructure in itself isn't viewed as unlawful. In any case, Hylton (61) affirms that if a firm having imposing business model forces utilizes its status to participate in hostile to serious activities in this manner encroaching on the government assistance of the open then such activities add up to infringement of antitrust laws. For a petitioner to demonstrate that an imposing business model association abused its forces to disregard arrangements of antitrust laws there is have to recognized that the firm being referred to is a syndication, that the firm obtained or safeguarded its monopolistic force through exclusionary of hostile to serious activities, and that claimantÃ¢â¬â¢s government assistance has been antagonistically influenced because of enduring proximate misfortunes that are an immediate results of such exclusionary or against serious activities by the monopolistic firm (Hylton 67). In this situation, there is no uncertainty that Consumers Power Company (CPC) is a monopolistic firm that produces and conveys capacity to retail clients in Ohio, Kentucky. By the uprightness of being a monopolistic firm, CPC has not disregarded the arrangements of antitrust laws. Lamentably, CPC is utilizing its status as a syndication to charge higher rates to the purchasers. Using the monopolistic position or capacity to charge higher rates is an infringement of antitrust laws. One of the parts of antitrust laws is that an individual or firm ought not utilize against serious acti vities or exclusionary activities to meddle with the government assistance of the general population. Force is such a significant asset or requirement for customers. In this way, by charging higher rates, customers may wind up not fulfilling their requirements and needs. In this respects, CPC has damaged the antitrust laws by utilizing its monopolistic forces to charge higher rates. As recognized before on, antitrust laws give that there should be sensible valuing in appropriating or selling a decent or a help. Such higher rates are viewed as preposterous thus CPC has disregarded antitrust laws through charging higher rates dependent on its monopolistic status. In addition, CPCÃ¢â¬â¢s refusal to sell power on discount to the Tri-State Electric Cooperative (TSEC) and the regions is an activity that forestalls reasonable rivalry (Hylton 53). Each association must not act such that it forestalls free and reasonable rivalry inside the business condition. Development of TSEC and the ci vil
PAPER 2 - Essay Example These writings feature inadequacies inside the general public with sexual orientation imbalances as the issue and to make attention to the perusers. Charlotte Perkins GilmanÃ¢â¬â¢s Herland Charlotte Perkins Gilman is an American essayist who investigated the women's activist perfect world utilizing her anecdotal novella Ã¢â¬Å"HerlandÃ¢â¬ . Gilman made a fanciful society involved by only ladies, with no requirement for men. They use parthenogenesis to create their little girls and depict an unrivaled profound quality. This general public that was ladies focused supported for enterprising nature just as parenthood and stayed away from ways to deal with life that executed individualistic rivalries. She made sense of that this general public would be suitable for ladies to relate with one another in a progressively agreeable way since there would be no need to overwhelm each other. In this novella Gilman will in general support and consolidation the best ladylike ideals with the bes t manly ethics all together to make up human uprightness. As indicated by Gilman, for a general public to be prudent, it should utilize her anecdotal idealistic culture of Herland as a praiseworthy model. She accepted that ladies have no motivation to be captives to their kindred people by devoting their lives to satisfy them when they can get by all alone without the men and even have better existences. Through the eyes of Gilman, our storyteller, we get the view purpose of the men. She utilizes three men to show us their viewpoint about ladies. Gilman switches the run of the mill ladies generalizations totally and that everything that was recently considered as far as manly or female measures was discarded. Here ladies wore materials that were lesser provocative and that upheld for accommodation and solace. They trim their hair short and had increasingly solid bodies. They were neither coquettish nor bashful. They for all intents and purposes required no men to live. They educated , manufactured, did cultivating and additionally mothered subsequently relied upon nobody yet themselves. The ladies of Herland didn't perceive sex inclinations, a seething wonder on the planet. They lived in amicability and harmony (Allen 102). Gilman also utilizes Jeff to represent a women's activist voice and uses Terry to represent the maleÃ¢â¬â¢s voice. Jeff felt like ladies were animals that had the right to be secured just as served though Terry viewed them as animals to be vanquished and by all methods be won. She gives a reciprocal view on the ladies just as their jobs at her time. She shows her adoration on the way that ladies are free of men. Gilman continues to advance the balance of ladies to men however she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop there, she likewise depicts them as being better looked at than men. This is so impossible on the planet where Jeff and different men originated from. Here they are introduced as the more fragile ones and the ladies are a lot of solid and ideal istic. The storyteller passes on the ladies to be more astute and kinder not at all like the men. Keen in that in spite of the fact that they are disengaged from the rest they despite everything endure. They additionally train men like some other understudy. They reared out and got rid of fragments of nature that recolored their general public in any capacity for example mutts and some butterfly species. Moreover they likewise reproduced out rebellious or less
Monday, July 6, 2020
The Achievement of Economic Prosperity and Social Well-Being in China (Essay Sample) Content: The Achievement of Economic Prosperity and Social Well-being in ChinaNameInstitutionQuestion 1. Economic Prosperity and Social Well-being2394 wordsThe Achievement of Economic Prosperity and Social Well-being in ChinaOver the years, China and India have stood out to become some of the countries that have experienced various changes in their political and economic systems. The choice of each countrys political and economic structures has had an influence on their performance regarding the achievement of economic prosperity and social well-being. Between these two countries, China has stood out to become a force to reckon with through the achievement of greater results through its systems. The country, therefore, has become one of the leading economic powerhouses in the world. Even though China just as India faced various setbacks in its achievement of economic success, it has put in place effective political and economic structures that have steered it to this success, an aspect that differentiates it from India. Therefore, Chinas economic and political structures have yielded greater results than India.Over the past 60 years, China has undergone a change from an agrarian society to become an industrial powerhouse in the world. The country has experienced increases in its productivity and wages, and these have allowed it to become one of the largest economies in the world. According to Hua (2012), In 1978, the first year of the reforms, it was just over 30 million tons. Two years later, in 1980, it reached 37.12 million tons, the fifth largest steel output in the world. Hua describes the increased production of steel by China. Two decades after the Peoples Republic of Chinas founding in 1949, there was a growth in the countrys GDP. It was facilitated by increased involvement of the Chinese workforce that ensured a growth in the output of every person. According to Hua (2012), Soviet advisers played a major role in the rise of the country as they helped in the establishment and operation of various projects that were associated with high amounts of capital. The involvement of the Soviet advisers, therefore, ensured that there was increased productivity in the country. Additionally, they helped improve the quality and pace of industrialization. Despite the Great Leap Forward that occurred in 1958-1962, the country recovered and unwounded reforms that had been put in place (Wasserstrom, 2013). The country benefited again from the unwinding of the reforms that worsened several incentives and restricted markets. Therefore, the country once again experienced increased productivity and growth in its GDP after various reforms were unwounded after the Great Leap Forward period.Even though the journey towards the rise of the country to become an economic giant was not very smooth, the manner in which it dealt with various challenges played a major role in its success. For instance, after the unwinding of the reforms between 1962 and 1966, the country experienced a period of Cultural Revolution whereby many individuals clashed with government officials leading to a setback in its economy again. According to Hua (2012), the Communist Partys 11th Central Committee in December 1978 played an important role in the countrys history. It acted as the defining moment regarding economic growth as the countrys economic path shifted from an unsteady to a sustainable one. The session laid the groundwork for the countrys future reforms that were aimed at maximizing productivity and the opening up of more markets for its products. Additionally, farmers started selling their produce in the local markets, as there were no restrictions. Chinas flexibility facilitated its economic growth. The introduction of the Law on Chinese-Foreign Equity Joint Ventures played a significant role as it allowed foreign capital into the country (Hua, 2012). It ensured that regional economies were boosted and this made the government ease various price restrictions. It also allowed various companies that were operating in the country to set up their preferred wage structures and retain their profits. Moreover, the law brought about increased urbanization and a boost in the countrys GDP. Many people who had skills in various jobs were fetched from the countryside to the cities whereby they were given good pay. The law, therefore, ensured that there was market liberalization and this helped China to grow economically and become a leading exporter in the world among other countries such as the United States and Russia.Chinas rise to become one of the largest economies in the world can be attributed to the rise of Deng Xiaoping and the various economic reforms he introduced. Unlike India that practiced restrictive policies, China existed as a country that was free to try out different economic principles. It, therefore, embraced free-market principles that facilitated high productivity. Since the inception of this approach, the countrys economy has continued to grow. Additionally, the country embarked on encouraging the formation of private businesses and rural enterprises. The strategy was effective as many people were encouraged to own their own businesses, unlike the earlier years whereby the government was in charge of most productive assets. Unlike India that continued applying old laws in the running of the countrys economic activities, China embraced openness, and this allowed many people to own businesses without experiencing domination by the state (Hua, 2012). The strategy of liberalizing foreign trade, relaxing the governments control over pricing, investment in industrialization, encouragement of the formation of private businesses and rural enterprises, worked in a spectacular way for the government. It realized that the achievement of economic success required a non-restrictive approach.Productivity played a significant role in the growth of Chinas economy. According to Hua (2012), other fact ors such as capital investment also played a vital role in the growth of the countrys economy, however, increased productivity stood out. Over the last 60 years, China has invested in new machinery and better technology to ensure increased output. However, some of these factors have not been highly effective. Even though capital investment accounted for a rise in the countrys economy, high productivity was the main reason the country grew economically. According to Corbridge, Harriss, and Jeffrey (2013), India experienced low productivity levels during the 1970s and 1980s. Unlike a country like India that did not rely on productivity, China recorded an increase in its GDP making it an economic giant in Asia. The country then experienced an increase in productivity between 1979 and 1984 at a yearly rate of 3.9 percent (Hua, 2012). He adds, At that time Deng Xiaopings open-door policy had entered its eleventh year, and although the reforms had triggered price increases, the economy wa s growing steadily and the standard of living was rising. Growth in the productivity was recorded as the earlier years were characterized by a growth rate of 1.1 percent annually. The increased productivity in the country was due to the various reforms that were undertaken by the government. These reforms were aimed at the creation of an open market whereby people were free to sell their farm produce without necessarily facing opposition from the government. China, therefore, stood out as an economic giant in comparison to India because of the economic reforms it had introduced.The lack of dependence on foreigners played a vital role in Chinas growth. Unlike India that suffered foreign rule for a long period, most of the Chinese territories never experienced foreign rule. However, there were foreigners in the country, and this motivated the calls for the formation of the Peoples Republic of China that would be free of foreign influence. The Chinese embarked on a process of removing foreigners, and this helped them a lot regarding the growth of the nation. India, on the other hand, had long periods of foreign influence, therefore, making them over-dependent on the foreigners mainly the British. Since there was a little presence of foreigners in China, it came up with the idea of modernity (Hua, 2012). It meant that the country had to confront the existing Western ideologies such as Communism, Fascism, and Liberalism. The struggle by China to become dependent on its resources shows the determination it had as a nation to succeed not necessarily depending on other nations. The vision to succeed as a country ensured that the countrys populace worked hard to help achieve the success. Moreover, the unification of the nation helped it achieve the vision of modernity without depending on other foreign powers. According to Hua (2012), After Mao, Deng Xiaoping drew on his own personal prestige to implement reforms and pursue an open-door policy. Deng Xiaopings reforms were critical in initiating growth in China. However, this was not the case in India as it was experiencing several problems in its leadership and it depended on foreign powers. Guha (2007) states, Now, like all other settlements in the Punjab, its fate lay in the hands of the British. It shows the way India was under the British control, and this hindered the implementation of its nationalistic ideologies. In summary, China existed as a unitary state. Its leadership and the vision of economic success without depending on other nations facilitated the unity.The economic transformations in China have had impacts on the social well-being of the Chinese populace in various ways. The trajectory of life satisfaction in China is the same as those for most of the Europ...
Wednesday, July 1, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"It is important to distinguish between the power of the Internet to make the great change it can, and the limits and vulnerabilities of that changeÃ¢â¬ ,- Naomi Wolf Peering into the future as the technologies takes off, internet has immense impact on our every-day life. There is no doubt it has made our life become easier and more convenient. Being world-wide network it has contributed greatly in many aspects: form communication to information sharing. However, while it retains itsÃ¢â¬â¢ strong positions giving us extensive experience in what we are doing, yet the negative impact of it takes place as well. Criticism of the Web most often questions whether we are becoming more superficial and scattered in our thinking. As the internet offers us the benefits of quick and easy knowledge, it is affecting the brainÃ¢â¬â¢s capacity to read longer articles and books. This concerns were released in the July-August 2008 Atlantic magazine, where Nicholas Carr published his magazine article Is Google Making Us Stupid? What the Internet is doing to our brains (alternatively Is Google Making Us Stoopid. This article was on top of discussions in the internet and gained a lot of reviews on the issue. Nicholas Carr being famous and well-respected technology writer, has an important voice today in pointing to the nervousness that many people have about technology. Like other critics, he sees change as loss and not as gain. Summary Ã¢â¬Å"is google making us stupid?Ã¢â¬ Carrs main argument is that the Internet might have detrimental effects on cognition which diminishes the capacity. He began this essay that he had difficulties concentrating while reading long articles or books. Nicholas Carr claims that regular Internet usage may have diminished his ability to concentrate. And there are many people who supports him, for example, Heidi Julavits says: Ã¢â¬Å"I wont deny that I have a far more productive writing life without the Internet, mostly because I rekindle my ability to concentrate on one thing for a period of longer than three minutes.Ã¢â¬Å" The author states that student have changed their approach to study and learning process in general, they are more distracted by the content that Internet offers, they are getting lazy and spend more time online than it is requred. This is how Nicholas Carr is presenting his voice of concerns: Im not thinking the way I used to think. I can feel it most strongly when Im reading. Immersing myself in a book or a lengthy article used to be easy. My mind would get caught up in the narrative or the turns of the argument, and Id spend hours strolling through long stretches of prose. Thats rarely the case anymore. Now my concentration often starts to drift after two or three pages. I get fidgety, lose the thread, begin looking for something else to do. I feel as if Im always dragging my wayward brain back to the text. The deep reading that used to come naturally has become a struggle. Of course, as a writer, he finds the Web a valuable tool, but he thinks its having a bad effect on his concentration. Carr admits that we, meaning the humanity and society nowadays, read a lot more because of the Web, but deplores this saying that our ability to interpret text, to make the rich mental connections that form when we read deeply and without distraction, remains largely disengaged. Despite the essay provides with plenty of examples why Internet is bad for learning (he shares some responses on blogs, provides with anecdotes), unfortunately Carr sees only one side of the change that humanity is going through. Of course, we see that books are loosing their readers, as books are becoming unpopulated and even obsolete. Moreover, some people could not simply affor buying books, as they are expensive and hard to get. In addition, the knowledge presented in books, is slow to develop, hard to respond to, and sometimes it is not in up-to Ã¢â¬âdate state. Therefore, people rely on the Internet resources to get the information they need, they look for another options (in some cases people even order books online as it is considered as almost the same source of knowledge or tool to learn). It is easy to criticize a new technology; it is harder to understand how the new technology can help create new abilities in humans. And even much harder to understand how technology can actually recapture and re-enable human abilities- it allows us to work more efficiently, to meet new interesting people, and of course for pure entertainment. All we need to do here is to make it well- balanced: the time for learning, the time we spend online, the resources, materials and the books we use combining this approach with lowering up the distractions in Internet called to reduce the time waste online. Keeping these in mind, we need to accept the fact that even in the most useful, handy and profitable things there is always sort of a danger. While it may seem like everyone surfs the web these days, there is fine line between casually checking your social media pages and having a full blown internet addiction. We should not allow internet to distract or disturb our minds. It is necessary to understand that falling into the lure of exploring everything that is available in world-wide network can be harmful and as the result, might lead to internet addiction. So moderate and restrained usage of internet is the key to make it beneficial for us as well as bringing harmony in our lives. To sum up, the first question, which was stated in the beginning of this article, needs to be answered. With all respect to such a great writer as Nicholas Carr, i cant agree with his statement nor with the argument he had provided. In my opinion, Google is not making us stupid. What Google and the World Wide Web are doing is helping people to learn by providing them variety of choices, getting us with access to plenty of tools, platforms, materials and other web resources. Moreover, Google, being the biggest search engine, connects us with people from all over the world and by his connections we can find people alike sharing the same interests, supporting each other in learning and helping in every moment of need. Google is, indeed, making us smarter as we re-discover new ways to learn.
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Abstract: As recognition grows that binge drinking on colleges nationwide is more prevalent than ever, school administrators and parents alike are seeking useful intervention to combat this issue. Studies have determined that Ã¢â¬Å"studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ use of alcohol is shaped, to some extent; by how much they think other students on campus drinkÃ¢â¬ (Wechsler 2000:57). Most college students are in the particular age group that statistically has the highest rate of binge drinking. According to the American Journal of Public Health, this leads college students who decide to overindulge Ã¢â¬Å"extremely vulnerable to such health problems as: injuries from related car crashes; unplanned and unsafe sex; assault and aggressive behavior; alcohol dependence; andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦For the purpose of this thesis, I will look specifically at binge drinking rates among college students in Wisconsin and California. Having attended higher education in each state, I will try to gain a better understanding as to why there is a higher level of binge drinking among college students in Wisconsin than California. I will look at significant themes such as underage drinking, adult binge drinking, and certain alcohol-related policies in both states to show that there is a correlation between the aforementioned variables and college binge drinking. Historical Background Sociologists in Wisconsin have for years tried to determine why alcohol is so engrained in that stateÃ¢â¬â¢s culture. Sociologists concede that Ã¢â¬Å"Climate, ethnicity, the historical significance of the brewing business, a relative lack of newcomers who would want to reform lenient laws, as well as the social nature of drinking in general are all possible explanationsÃ¢â¬ (Milwaukee Journal Sentinel: Wasted in Wisconsin series 2008). Alcohol has become such a prevalent issue in Wisconsin that the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, WisconsinÃ¢â¬â¢s largest newspaper, has written a 72-part series on binge drinking in Wisconsin. The series, called Wasted in Wisconsin, details how drinking is so deeply rooted in WisconsinÃ¢â¬â¢sShow MoreRelatedHealth And Performance Effects Of Alcohol Use By Intercollegiate / Varsity Athletes1232 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesnon-use of protective behaviours while drinking, and an overestimation of peer heavy drinking, then non-athletes. Research has also established that student-athletes drink more alcohol than non-athletes, leading investigators to consider this group an Ã¢â¬Å"at-riskÃ¢â¬ sub-population of university students. According to a study conducted by the Harvard School of Public Health, athletes reported more binge drinking, heavier alcohol use, and a greater number of drinking-related harms. Along with these findingsRead MoreEffects Of Binge Drinking On College Students Essay968 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHenry Wechsler in Getting Serious about Eradicating Binge Drinking, stresses how modern college students think that binge drinking is a norm in college life. I agree with Wechsler that the modern college student thinks binge drinking is normal. In High School, people would binge drink on a regular basis, and that eventually carried over into collegiate life. After being in college for about a month now, I realized that every night students binge drink either at bars, fraternity houses, or tailgatesRead MoreA Study of College Drinking Essay examples1497 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLiterature The literature on college binge drinking and studentÃ¢â¬â¢s academic performance are for the most part; focused on an essential constituent or characteristic that has been revealed. During the past ten months, research has become an essential basis in regards to college binge drinking and the effects said behavior is having on those college students who choose to over-indulge. Given the situation over the literature pertaining to college binge drinking and poor academic grades, it is importantRead MoreAlcohol Is The Number One Drug Used By College Students1798 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesbut may also harm the overall health of an athlete. Excessive alcohol use among college students is widely recognized as a serious public health problem in the United States. (H. Wechsler, 2000) (H. Wechsler, J.E. Lee, M. Kuo, H. Lee, College binge drinking in the 1990s: A continuing problem Journal of American College Health, 48 (2000), pp. 199Ã¢â¬â210) Statistics show that the average college student will consume more than 34 gallons of alcohol each year. From an outside point of view, alcohol mayRead MoreThe Role Of Alcohol Abuse And Academic Performance939 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesimportant stage of our life. However, this is also the time when we are in college, where drinking has been glorified as a popular culture. Although people have a good time at parties and such, Alcohol abuse poses a negative effect on our college experience in many different way. During college, men and women are highly exposed to Alcohol use. According to a study from the Center for the Study of Collegiate Mental Health at Penn State University (2009), there is a clear linkage between Alcohol abuseRead MoreThe Effects Of Alcoholism On Collegiate Athletic Performance1595 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Negative Effects of Alcoholism on Collegiate Athletic Performance According to research and statistics, alcohol is the number one drug used by college students. Most individuals do not label alcohol as a drug due to the way it is consumed, but when considering the negative side effects that accompany alcohol, the comparison of alcohol to drugs may not be that far of a stretch. Alcohol can not only be harmful to an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s external health but also their internal health as well. ConsumptionRead MoreCollege Binge Drinking Epidemic2548 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesCollege Binge Drinking Epidemic Throughout the years, drinking alcohol in excessive amounts has become somewhat synonymous with the college experience. It has become an expected occurrence for college-aged students to drink and party regularly, and overtime has transformed into an accepted social norm of college life. Extreme drinking has been a consistent social problem that has substantially grown on college campuses all around the United States for the past few decades. In fact, binge drinkingRead MoreDrug and alcohol violations on college campuses1285 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesviolations simply mean that the students do not abide by the policies implemented by the colleges. Approximately 110,000 college students were arrested for alcohol-related violations such as public drunkenness or driving under the influence (College Drinking, 2013). Gallaudet University has 276 drug violations and 5 arrests while the alcohol violations were 213 with 0 arrests. Greek organizations and athletes are more likely to drink and do drugs more often. Literature Review There are various factorsRead More The War Against Underage Drinking Essay2488 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesovertaking this country. Underage drinking is spreading like a virus. It is not just teenagers in college that are drinking; there are numerous kids in high school, middle school, and even elementary school! How have we let it get this far? There is no excuse to be oblivious anymore. Underage drinking is right in front of our faces. It is killing our children. The good news is that this is a problem that can be fixed. There is no way of completely eliminating underage drinking, but it can be greatly reducedRead MoreBreaking Social Norms: Exploring Sobriety in College Essay2965 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagesof the students in recovery have this response. Why is it that drinking and partying has become the stereotype of college? Students seem to find it odd to have sober communities because they believe drinking and partying is all part of the college experience. What they do not realize is that there are thousands of sober college students all over the country who could benefit greatly from sober college communities. I do not think drinking and partying is part of the college experience. I think that